What is attained at the state of body (sareer), is called „Sukh“ (Happiness / Comfortableness).
What is attained at the state of mind-soul (mann), is called „Anand“ (Blissfulness).
One is Sukh, the other is Anand. They are two vastly apart things like earth and sky. Sukh, if any, will turn to Dukh (unhappiness) at some point. Youth may bring Sukh, but one day it will turn into Old Age (Budhaapa – read Dukh). Birth of a child may be Sukh, but death will turn it into unhappiness. Sukh will eventually turn into Dukh, it has its opposite.
On the other hand „Anand“ is blissfulness. There is no other state opposite of Anand. No second state of being (doosri awastha). Sukh is achieved from material things (Padaarath), Anand is attained with oneness with supreme energy (Parmaatma) inside of us . Sareer (body) needs Sukh – which it will get from material things but not from inside, only from outside – wealth, family, house, relationships etc. For material things one must look on the outside. Anand is attained from inside.
One who is looking inside for material things (Padaarath) is living in confusion (bharam). One who is looking outside for oneness with the energy (Parmaatma) is also living in bharam.
„It does not mean Parmaatma doesn’t reside outside. But when we realise that when it is inside, it is near us. If we have not made the effort to find Parmaatma so near, how will we find this supreme energy outside - far away from us?
Padaaraths have to be found outside – gold has to be found, wealth has to be found, beautiful house has to be found. Parmaatma need not be found, we just need to step in and enter the house of love and remembrance (yaad). The relationships of yaad (remembrance / acknowledgement) are of greater importance than the relationships of blood.
Till the time we have to find / look for padaarath – we will always feel hungry. You’ve eaten food in morning – in evening we are again hungry. There is more and more hunger – it is never ending.
Mann (Mind-Soul); if it enters the house of yaad, there is a sense of all hunger being quietend.
So how do we trust this? How can we?
In this 21st century, we are leading a life with the fundament of Vigyaan (Science) and not Gyaan (knowledge of Paramaatma). The more our trust in science has kept increasing, the lesser we trust Parmaatma.
What is Science – To turn the padaarath (material things) according to our needs (apne anukool karna) is in simple words science. If the air is too hot, to make air conditioners to cool it. If water is too cold and difficult to shower, make it hot. Turning metals like Iron into shapes and designs as we want them to be. Tools have been made by man, iron is made by nature (prakriti). Man changes the way iron (or other metals) are offered by prakriti.
Gold, Silver, Iron, Copper, Earth, Air – all of them have been turned by man to suit his/her needs and requirements. Water naturally flows down, but we pump it up to high buildings, according to our requirements. If we don’t turn prakriti according to our needs, man will not get kinds of Sukh (comforts).
Vigyaan is standing on the ground that padaarath needs to be changed acording to our needs. This will give Sukh. Padaarath are all outside. Inside one cannot find gold, silver, copper, iron, wealth, family, house, food etc. Because all Sukh of body are outside, padarath are turned into the requirments of the body.
On the other hand – Mann(Mind-soul) will find Blissfulness (Anand) when it is turned to Parmaatma. If we dont do this, we will not experience Anand. Sareer will have all Sukh with padarath, but mann will be in chaos (kalesh).
It can be fairly said that most people who are very happy at the level of body , are equally opposite unhappy at the level of mind-soul. The body needs Sukh, the mind-soul needs Anand. Sukh comes from material things, Anand comes from the connection to the inner supreme energy. One day Sukh will convert to Dukh (unhappiness).
With the needs of the body, the mind can become distracted too. The mind makes the requirements of the body, like its own. But his is not what it needs. So what happens is that material things are now possessed, the body is in Sukh (happiness) but the mind did not receive Anand (bliss). It can be fairly claimed that as the comforts for body increase, the mind goes further in a trumoil.
There are only very few people who may be happy at a physical level and blissful psychological level. In ancient Indian history a few names come up such as the Philosopher-King Janak or Guru Gobind Singh ji (Tenth master of the Sikhs).
„Meri muflasi se tang aakar, kahin aur jaane waale – ye sakoon na mil sakega tujhe reshmi kafan main“
Ameer Minai, Sufi poet
The urdu langauge poet says , that these big people with big wealth and family and houses and silk clothes seem to him like they wear a beautiful cloth to cover their dead souls.
The day of end of this body comes, the material things stay – but there is no more a body to enjoy these. Eyes will one day end but beauty will live for ever, our ears that listen will one day be gone but music never has stopped, our tongue one day will end eating & tasting but the tastes of the material things (ras) won’t end .
Bhartar Yogi says „Human thinks I am consuming these materials –NO, actually the materials have been consuming us“
Sareer (body)needs Sukh (comforts / happiness), Mann (mind-soul) needs Anand (bliss). Sukh will not be without padaarath (materials). If we are hungry, we need to eat. If we need something can’t have it without wealth. We have to search for it.
If Sareer (body) doesn’t get Sukh, if it doesn’t get these material things – it will suffer.
If Mann (mind) doesn’t get Anand, if it doesn’t connect with parmaatma (all pervading energy within us) – it goes in complete chaos.
In the end it is for us to reflect on it philosophically, how to attain this balance . Our lives are over in a blink of an eye. What is the feeling we want to have when breathing our last.
A true yogi will reflect on this and always strive to find this balance, to make his or her life better and then, the lives of the people around him or her.
(i) Sant Maskeen Singh
(ii) Bhagvad Gita
(iii) Sri Guru Granth Sahib